Difference Between Discrete and Process Manufacturing

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Let’s first start by defining process & discrete manufacturing

Discrete manufacturing involves assembling things, and making things that are distinct. The methodology uses Bills of Materials (BOMs), and assembles components along a routing. In view of that, it includes make-to-stock, make-to-order, and assemble to order production.

Whereas process manufacturing involves mixing of ingredients according to specific formulas or recipes. Process manufacturers build something that cannot be taken apart, technically you can take the mix out of the container and reuse the container, but you can’t take the ingredients out of the finished goods produced.  This makes the process manufacturers ‘process’ or formula based.

How discrete manufacturing is different from process manufacturing?

Discrete Manufacturing Process Manufacturing Industries
  • Products are comprised of components that can be touched, and counted.
  • Products are manufactured using formulas or recipes
  • Parts can be broken down & disposed off or recycled after production
  • Products cannot be broken down back into raw materials
  • Uses Bills-of-Material
  • Uses formulas or recipes
  • Assembles in a linear or routing way
  • Blends in a batch
  • Involves joining, attaching, fixing, assembling etc.
  • Involves grinding, boiling, mixing, churning, etc.
  • Doesn’t involves change of volume or density
  • Volume, density, mass, physical properties all get changed here


Taking illustrations for better understanding the difference between the two

Manufacturing a Car, bicycle, Taps, Mobile Phones, etc, is discrete, whereas producing Tomato Ketchup, Shampoos, Paints, Lubricants, Juices, etc., is process manufacturing.

Some process & discrete manufacturing vertical markets

discrete-vs-process

Both discrete and process manufacturing are as different as cheese and chalk. Their processes, requirements, regulatory compliances, terminologies, etc, all differ from each other drastically. Using an ERP solution for process manufacturing that is basically built for Discrete is thus not a good idea. Manufacturers should look for ERP software that is built specifically for their manufacturing type and works the way they work. This will not only reduce the implementation time, but cost also as the need for customization will significantly drop. BatchMaster Software Pvt. Ltd., is one company that offers unique ERP solutions for both these manufacturing types. These ERP software applications include all necessary tools essential for respective manufactures to compete successfully in the marketplace and to maximize profits. They are:Unique Processes, hence Unique Solution

  1. BatchMaster ERP

BatchMaster ERP is an IT solution that offers formula/recipe based manufacturers specific functionalities and handles all critical processes like: product development, procurement, production, quality, packaging, costing, and compliance, sales, accounting, warehousing, etc. Designed with 30 years of process manufacturing experience, it helps manufacturers streamline their operations, reduce wastage, bring down costs, increase profits, improve compliance and manage safety to keep their customers happy and satisfied. For more information write to us at sales@batchmaster.com

  1. OptiPro ERP

OptiPro ERP with SAP Business One is an affordable and reliable ERP solution for small to mid-sized discrete manufacturers and distributors. It is developed by manufacturers for manufacturers, and that includes financial management, supply chain management, CRM, and industry-specific solutions in one seamless system. OptiPro ERP gives you the foundation to scale and compete, without the complexity and cost. Visit www.optiproerp.com for more details.